Articles on investing and capital management, with a quantitative focus.

PRP: Permanent Risk Parity

The core of my investment strategy is the Permanent Risk Parity (PRP) asset allocation. Here's how I arrived at this asset allocation.

PRP offers strong diversification and low volatility. The allocations are 30% stocks, 50% bonds or GICs, 20% gold, with annual rebalancing. My model portfolio for a Canadian PRP is:

These are not stock recommendations or advice; I'm just sharing what I'm doing with my own money. I do NOT recommend duplicating what I'm doing here. Although I like this method, it may not be appropriate for other people, and might be deeply flawed.


Six Year Portfolio Anniversary

I started my PRP portfolio exactly 6 years ago. Over these years, PRP has returned 6.5% CAGR. This is a good return... #prp


Yikes, inflation is very high!

Today, the US inflation rate hit a 40 year high. Canada's inflation rate is a bit lower, but still at a multi-decade high... #prp


PRP Annual Performance

The PRP gained 6.0% in 2021. In the historical context, that's a very average year... #prp


Rebalancing the Model Portfolio

I record daily values of a "model portfolio" for my PRP allocation. My actual investments are very similar, but not identical, to the model... #prp


Here's Diversification In Action

The markets have been a bit volatile over the last week. Although this is a very short timeframe, the last week provides an example of how... #prp


Investment Portfolio Goals

I've been using the PRP investment portfolio for a while now, and thought it would be good to review my goals. Here's what I want... #prp


Why I chose XIU and ZSP

Many people have asked why I use XIU and ZSP for the equity components in my portfolio, as opposed to VEQT or XAW... #prp


Buying Bonds in PRP

When adding new money to my portfolio, I look at my current asset weights to find out where I am underweight. Here's how my portfolio looked... #prp


Five Years of PRP

I started using this asset allocation on 2016-03-22, and today I am marking the 5 year anniversary. Originally, I was using the Permanent Portfolio... #prp


Adding back into PRP

I withdrew some of my PRP back in August, and made a commitment to reinvest the money once it was possible to do so... #prp


PRP Performance

The PRP gained 11.7% in 2020, the second highest annual return in the 25 year history... #prp


Adding back into PRP

Earlier, I described a withdrawal from PRP where I sold some of my portfolio during a strong rally in stocks and gold... #prp


US Version of PRP

In this post, I will present a U.S. version of the PRP. It's essentially the same as the #prp asset allocation I use myself, except for... #prp


Withdrew from PRP

I have one investment account which needs to be liquidated before moving elsewhere. This is a "forced selling" scenario... #prp


Beware the high premium on MNT

My allocation to gold is currently spread across several different ETFs, as I wrote about earlier... #prp


Note on MNT for gold exposure

My PRP model portfolio has 20% weight in gold bullion, which I show as MNT in the model portfolio. MNT is nice because... #prp


PRP Response to Market Crash

Today saw historic moves in the stock market. The S&P 500 declined 7.6% and Canada's TSX fell an incredible 10.3%... #prp


PRP Performance

The PRP gained 13.3% in 2019, the largest annual return in the 24 year history. This was an unusually strong year... #prp


Derivation of a Risk Parity Portfolio

After learning about the risk parity concept, I tried deriving my own portfolio using three uncorrelated assets that I like... #prp


What is Risk?

As far as I know, there is no universally accepted definition of risk for investment modelling. Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT), introduced by Markowitz... #prp


Risk Parity Doesn't Require Leverage

There are many variants of risk parity. Some risk parity hedge funds use leverage. Others dynamically adjust weights... #prp


Risk Parity - Basics

Harry Markowitz, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics, called diversification 'the only free lunch in finance'... #prp